Treatments : General introduction of Intra Uterine Insemination (IUI)
This is the closest to the natural way of conceiving. Ideal conditions are : perfect or very good sperm quality and healthy patent uterine tubes. Both should be approved prior to the procedure. In IUI ovulation induction is performed with tablets for 5 days starting from the 3d day of menstrual cycle. Then a mature oocyte is confirmed via ovary Echo scan and some hormonal blood analyses. Ovulation is timed with an hCG injection. 34-36 hours thereafter the procedure is performed. The semen sample is handled in a way to separate most viable, with good motility sperms. This only part of the ejaculate is placed in the woman`s womb in the time of ovulation. 14 days later a blood pregnancy test is performed.
General Introduction for IVF Treatments
IVF is a method of infertility treatment. The woman is injected with hormones in order to stimulate her ovaries to produce more than one egg each. Aspiration of the eggs is then performed under general anesthesia. A couple of hours later eggs are put together with spermatozoa in a drop of nutrient media. Embryos can be seen next day. Incubation of the embryos follows up to 5-6 days. Then chosen embryos (1, 2 or 3) are transferred in a woman`s womb (uterus). If there are more embryos developed they are stored in a liquid nitrogen on minus 196° C. 14 days after placing embryos into the uterus, blood pregnancy test is made to confirm or reject pregnancy (presence or absence of hCG).
General introduction of ICSI Treatments
ICSI is a method of treatment for male infertility. The woman is injected with hormones in order to stimulate her ovaries to produce more than one egg each. Aspiration (Ova Pick Up) of the eggs is then performed under general anesthesia. The same day semen sample is handled in a way that could be possible to take one chosen sperm In a glass microtube (6 microns in diameter). This glass micropipette is sharp enough to inject the egg with the sperm in it. This way all the eggs are injected with the next chosen single sperm. Fertilization can be seen the next day. Incubation takes place up to 5-6 days. Then chosen embryos (1, 2 or 3) are transferred in a woman`s womb (uterus). If there are more embryos developed they are stored in a liquid nitrogen – minus 196° C. 14 days after placing embryos into the uterus, blood pregnancy test is made to confirm or reject pregnancy.
General introduction of PICSI Treatments
This is the same treatment method as ICSI. The difference is a use of special stuff hyaluronan. It shows which spermatozoa are healthy. Then it is possible to pick up these exactly sperms into the glass pipette for oocyte injection. Above described procedures then follow.
General description of Donor program
This program is used for women where her ovary egg reserve is poor (Premature Ovarian Failure). In these cases ovarian stimulation and Ova Pick Up are performed to a healthy young woman, who is willing to give her eggs to a woman (couple) with no eggs in the ovaries. The procedure is anonymous. A strong legal procedure is followed. When the eggs are picked up from a donor woman, they are fertilized with the sperms of a husband the same day. Then resulting embryos are inspected for 3-6 days, under a microscope during the incubation in our IVF lab. Usually all these embryos are stored in kryobank (liquid nitrogen minus 196° C). Then after a special hormonal preparation of the womb lining (endometrium), some of them (up to 3-4) are placed into the uterus of the patient (the one with poor ovarian reserve).