What is IVF?

What is IVF?
Put simply, the IVF process is when your eggs are retrieved and fertilised in a laboratory with semen from your partner or a donor. The resulting embryos are then transferred into your uterus to begin growing as in a normal pregnancy.

When is IVF necessary?
IVF was developed to help women with damaged or blocked fallopian tubes by placing the embryos directly into the uterus bypassing the damaged area. It may also be appropriate treatment if the cause of infertility is unknown or for male factor infertility.

What is the IVF process?
There are five main stages in the IVF process – egg production, monitoring egg production, egg recovery, insemination and embryo transfer.

Egg Production
As a first step, the ovaries are stimulated by drugs to achieve egg production. Ovarian function is suppressed to prevent spontaneous ovulation and the ovaries are then stimulated with drugs to produce a number of eggs. Most women carry out the injections themselves.

Monitoring Egg Production
Our doctors and nurses use regular ultrasound scans and bloods tests to monitor egg production. Once the follicles surrounding the egg are at the required size a final injection is administered to ensure final maturation of the eggs in preparation for the egg collection.

Egg Recovery
Eggs are collected using a vaginal ultrasound guided technique under sedation. The eggs are graded and placed into the incubator by our embryologists to await insemination.

On the same day as the eggs are collected, the partner provides a sperm sample and the most motile sperm are selected and mixed with the eggs. They are then incubated overnight and checked the next morning for signs of fertilisation.

Embryo Transfer
The best quality embryos will then be transferred back into your uterus, in a simple procedure that does not need any sedation or anaesthesia. Depending on your age and the quality of your embryos we may replacing from one to three embryo. This may result to a multiple pregnancy but increase the ultimate chances of having a baby if the embryo is of high quality.